Three years she grew in sun and shower: The poem speaks about Lucy. As a young child, the earth has ever seen such a lovely, beautiful girl. Even the Nature itself recognizes her as “A lovelier flower”. Full of charm and passion she was and three years, she grew amid sun and shower. But after these three years, Nature decided to take care of Lucy. She will be nourished under the care & observance of Nature. She will learn every skill for the Nature will play the part of a Mother, turning this child into a fine young lady.
In the next stanza, the Nature tells that Lucy will learn both law and impulse. Nature would do what is needed to teach this child who shall see an overseeing power. It implies that indeed she will learn compassion and other traits of a fine young lady. Amid rock and plain, earth and heaven, every major an’ minor skill will be fabricated in a way that she will have powers like earth to absorb despair and shower love and compassion like heaven. She will know when to restrain herself and to lighten when darken encompasses. It’s the Nature cycle that after every night, dawn appears with fresh sun-rays and so shall Lucy will have the power to endure both-the good and the bad.
The next stanza of the poem Three years she grew in sun and shower describes that Lucy will sportive as a fawn. She will roam, run and fall and again will get to discover the places around her. Up the mountain springs or the lower plain levels, she will see every place and learn for everything in nature teaches aspects of life. Indeed, Nature would be present when she falls to take care of her and at times needed. Mute, insensate things will teach her the power of silence, for the power of silence uplifts the power of mind.
Clouds shall lend their power to Lucy for she will learn grace and elegance and humility & modesty from the “willow bend”. She wouldn’t fail to stand her ground even in the storm and they will fill her up with dignity and pride that would shape her body. He imagines that she should never “fail to see” the “silent sympathy” he feels for her. The midnight stars shall be dear to hear. Her ears shall lean to the charming sound that the rivulets (a small stream of water or another liquid) make. The beauty that the rivulets posses should pass to her face which would make her attractive and beautiful. Here, Wordsworth talks about the womanhood. Lucy will attain after being nourished and learning every major and minor thing from Mother Nature.
He sees her now as a woman who shall still experience and feel the delights like a lively woman even after she has left him and is in the care of Nature. The imagery of her rearing her form “to stately height” and of “her virgin bosom swell[ing]” reveal that wherever she is now and the way the Nature has taken care of her, she will continue to grow up there, with feelings of life and vitality. The speaker is happy to see Lucy as a young modest woman and doesn’t mourn that she had left him. His level of happiness is at par.
In the last stanza, the tone shifts to him. He says that Nature has done her part in shaping Lucy. He seems little dejected that Lucy had left him at such a young age. Even though he was happy in upper lines, it makes the reader feel the reality and human psychology of grief. He is left with pain for he shall never see Lucy again.
The poem ends with:
“The memory of what has been,
And never more will be”