Model of Discrimination: While studying the human nature scientifically, Aristotle proposed a linear model of communication, which came to be known as Aristotle’s Model of Communication. It is also the first model of communication (before 300 BC) along with being the most widely accepted one. Aristotle’s Model focused on the Speaker and “His” Speech. It is basically divided into 5 primary elements: Speaker, Speech, Occasion, Audience, and Effect. But, mostly, it’s Speaker, Speech and Audience. Aristotle’s Model is a Speaker-Centered model, that is, the Speaker is the only one active. The role of the Audience is passive and is mostly influenced by the Speaker. This makes the model of communication, a rather, one-way process. This model was highly used to improve Public Speaking skills and also create Propaganda at that time (Ancient Greece). This model focused less on intrapersonal as well as interpersonal communication. Aristotle devised three essential elements that a good communicator or speaker must possess: Ethos, Pathos, and Logos.
- Ethos is the characteristic of Credibility which meant the audience couldn’t be persuaded if there was no credibility or truthfulness in the Speaker’s Speech. Expertise and Position also gave credibility to a Speaker.
- Pathos, in literal terms means Sadness, here, it means the Emotional Bond. If the audience can connect to whatever the speaker says at an emotional level, they won’t only be interested but also think the speaker to be credible.
- Logos, which means Logic, is another element. It is said if the audience can’t understand what the speaker is trying to say, they won’t even pay attention to “Him”. Everyone has a sense of reason, if that criteria isn’t met, the audience can’t be influenced.
SPEAKER ⇒ SPEECH ⇒ AUDIENCE
Now, The Model of Discrimination came into being in the early 327 BC when India was invaded by the Greeks, which in turn, introduced the people (read: men) to Patriarchy and sucked on by its unquenchable power, is still being followed to this date. Aristotle’s model taught us about the Speaker, his speech and the effect he had on the audience. Here, we can connect Patriarchy as being the Speaker, it’s Views on Women can very well be the Speech, while the Society, in which it is still being followed is the Audience. Patriarchy is also a one way communication, where every Man is superior, aesthetically-logically-profusely, to Women. Women have always been demeaned in every way possible, in our society. According to the Patriarchs (as I would like to call them), Women are only good for the following things: Procreating, Cooking, and Serving (in every sense), some of which can very well be attributed to a Maid or a Servant, or in the most extreme of sense, a Slave. Even in ancient Greece, as seen above, the “Speaker” was always a “He”, there were no female speakers. In this male-dominated world, somewhere along the line, the female lost their Voice. In our culture, Women are often considered as weak and someone who needs constant protection. But, protection from what, or rather who? And the answer is always one: Men, that is, Protection from the very same men, who are supposed to protect them. The Partition is a good example, as during that trying time, Men saw the “body” of women as something to be conquered to prove a “point”. According to ancient texts, a woman’s body contained the honor of entire family and thus, it was considered “pure”. In Ramayana, the epic poem about Lord Rama and Sita and their triumph over evil, she was considered the quintessence of wifely devotion and of purity and chastity.
People still expect a Woman to be like her, devoted to their husband, taking care of their children and the household along with their parents in law. Now, times have change; Women are conquering the world in every field, even proving to be better than Men. But, even now, people cringe and stare when they see young girls and independent women smoking or drinking, but no one bats an eye when the same is done by young boys or men. It seems as if all kinds of smoking and drinking are only birthright of Men, forgetting that God created the Male and Female equally.
Women are raped; molested and sexually assaulted every 30 minutes in our country, most of these cases do not even see the light of the day, simply because of one term: Fear. But, when they do, people don’t even take seconds to attribute these “unholy” sins to their clothes, their character and now, time too. Women have been objectified or seen only as “objects” since time immemorial, the alleged “Sex Symbols” haven’t helped either. In a multi-cultural country like ours, people often say women should wear clothes that reveal less, women should get home within an “auspicious” time; women should try to be more like women. It actually should be the other way around, it should be Men shouldn’t judge a woman by her clothes, Men should respect women irrespective of the time, culture or upbringing, Men should keep their lust in check, and Men should act more like Men instead of Dogs (even dogs have a more proper upbringing). It’s never the shortcomings in a Woman; it’s always the shortcomings in a man’s upbringing.
Aristotle’s Model of Communication had some big flaws; it never had the concept of feedback which meant She was always Silent. There were no communication failures like Noise or Barriers which meant there was no one to stand up for them.